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Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings

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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #45 am: 15. März 2013, 09:31:13 »
:thup: n feiner Artikel!
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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #46 am: 27. Juli 2013, 15:35:10 »
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130722123206.htm#.UfGNDst55BA.facebook
'Love Hormone' Is Two-Faced: Oxytocin Strengthens Bad Memories and Can Increase Fear and Anxiety

Zitat
It turns out the love hormone oxytocin is two-faced. Oxytocin has long been known as the warm, fuzzy hormone that promotes feelings of love, social bonding and well-being. It's even being tested as an anti-anxiety drug. But new Northwestern Medicine® research shows oxytocin also can cause emotional pain, an entirely new, darker identity for the hormone.
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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #47 am: 30. Juli 2013, 12:56:51 »
http://www.naturalencounters.com/documents/BlazingClickersFINAL.pdf

Blazing Clickers

Steve Martin
Natural Encounters Inc.
Der ist leider nicht mehr da  :-[.

Edith sagt: doch, ist er noch, heisst nur etwas anders: http://www.naturalencounters.com/documents/BlazingClickers.pdf :cheer:
Viele Grüße,
Esther
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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #48 am: 30. Juli 2013, 12:58:08 »
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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #49 am: 30. Juli 2013, 13:00:25 »
Ich hatte es schon gefunden, auf der Homepage ;).
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Esther
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Re:Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #50 am: 29. Oktober 2013, 23:13:13 »
http://poodle-power.tumblr.com/post/61746514573/neuropsychological-foundations-of-cu-training

Neuropsychological foundations of CU training

Zitat
Working below threshold, a dog will be able to take in and process information, learn new things and pay attention. Because his actions are dictated by the cerebral cortex, he's in a receptive state of mind; an ideal training condition and, moreover, a state of mind that lets your dog relax and be comfortable.
On the other hand, a dog who's over threshold is subject to behavior triggered by the amygdala. His responses to environmental stimuli will be emotional, indeliberate and unreflected. In this state of mind, it is neurologically impossible for a dog to think clearly, to process information “objectively” and to take in new tasks. A disobedient dog over threshold isn't stubborn; rather, his brain and hence behavior are dominated by the amygdala, while the cognitive cerebral cortex is blocked. Rather than getting mad at her for failing to listen to your cues in a distracting environment, you should ask yourself how you can change the environment/lower criteria in order to enable your dog to get back in a cerebral cortex state of mind and succeed.
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Re: Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #51 am: 26. Oktober 2015, 21:40:55 »
http://releases.jhu.edu/2015/10/26/johns-hopkins-solves-a-longtime-puzzle-of-how-we-learn/

Zitat
The story of Pavlov's dogs, and how the psychologist trained dogs to salivate when they heard a bell ring, is one of the most famous experiments in psychology. Despite its fame, neuroscientists still didn't know how dogs learned to associate the ringing of a bell with the promise of a food reward. A new study in the journal Neuron by scientists at Johns Hopkins University shows how the process happened. The researchers began by isolating cells from the visual cortex of a mouse. When they stimulated the axon of one cell with a small electric pulse, they got a response from the other cell. As they did this over and over, they mimicked the synaptic connection between two cells as they process a stimulus. Next, the scientist flooded the cells with neuromodulators to simulate the arrival of a reward and found that the connection between the two cells either strengthened or weakened, indicating that the cells had "learned", and that this learning was cemented by the reward. The results illuminate a fundamental aspect of the learning process.
 
Journal article: Distinct Eligibility Traces for LTP and LTD in Cortical Synapses. Neuron, 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2015.09.037
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Re: Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #52 am: 27. Oktober 2015, 01:26:56 »
:thup:
LG Tine
Krümeline, Winzi & Mucki

Ab und zu ist es gut, in unserem Streben nach Glück innezuhalten und einfach glücklich zu sein ~ Guillaume Apollinaire
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Re: Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #53 am: 19. August 2016, 11:05:32 »
Zitat
Das Pferd als Spiegel innerpsychischer Zustände
Chancen menschlicher Entwicklung

In ihrer Diplomarbeit bearbeitet Heidi Zöller das Thema: "Das Pferd als Spiegel innerpsychischer Zustände des Menschen - Chancen menschlicher Entwicklung". Aufgabe der Diplomarbeit ist, in der wissenschaftlichen Litaeratur Erklärungsmuster und Hintergründe zu finden, warum Pferde menschliches Verhalten spiegeln und weshalb dies für Menschen einen tiefgreifenden und transformierenden Effekt haben kann.

Hier können Sie die Diplomarbeit als PDF-Datei lesen.

http://www.mediation-steyerberg.de/index.php?id=114&ord=68
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Re: Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #54 am: 06. April 2017, 23:37:36 »
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10071-010-0326-9

Reinforcement as a mediator of the perception of humans by horses (Equus caballus)

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A central question in the interspecific human/animal relationship is how domestic animals perceive humans as a significant element of their environment. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the use of positive or negative reinforcement in horse training may have consequences on the animals’ perception of humans, as a positive, negative or neutral element. Two groups of ponies were trained to walk backwards in response to a vocal order using either positive or negative reinforcement. Heart rate monitors and behavioural observations were used to assess the animals’ perception of humans on the short (just after training) and long (5 months later) terms.

The results showed that the type of reinforcement had a major effect on the subsequent animals’ perception of familiar and unfamiliar humans. Negative reinforcement was rapidly associated with an increased emotional state, as revealed by heart rate measurements and behavioural observations (head movements and ears laid back position).
 Its use led the ponies to seek less contact with humans. On the contrary, ponies trained with positive reinforcement showed an increased interest in humans and sought contact after training. This is especially remarkable as it was reached in a maximum of 5 sessions of 1 to 3 min (i.e. 5 to 15 min) and had lasting effects (visible after 5 months). Even learning was positively influenced by positive reinforcement. Overall, horses seem capable of associating humans to particular experiences and display extended long-term memory abilities.
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Re: Die Neurophysiologie des Clickertrainings
« Antwort #55 am: 09. April 2017, 16:37:39 »
Eine Übersicht, die 17 Arbeiten umfasst, ist zu dem Ergebniss gekommen, dass belohnungsbasiertes Hundetraining weniger Risiken beinhaltet und besser funktioniert, als aversive Methoden:

http://www.companionanimalpsychology.com/2017/04/new-literature-review-recommends-reward.html?m=1

New Literature Review Recommends Reward-Based Training


Zitat
Despite the methodological concerns, it appears that aversive training methods have undesirable unintended outcomes and that using them puts dogs’ welfare at risk. In addition, there is no evidence to suggest that aversive training methods are more effective than reward-based training methods. At least 3 studies in this review suggest that the opposite might be true in both pets and working dogs. Because this appears to be the case, it is recommended that the dog training community embrace reward-based training and avoid, as much as possible, training methods that include aversion.






http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0126344

Is Leadership a Reliable Concept in Animals? An Empirical Study in the Horse

Zitat
In its current state, the concept of leadership proved unreliable in the horse, a species where it has been used for decades without addressing the nature of the decision-making process. This study should allow future research in the field of group coordination to avoid this pitfall.

« Letzte Änderung: 09. April 2017, 17:52:23 von cinnamon »
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